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[[File:Pdf image.png|100px|thumb|alt=pdf image|<font size=3>[https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=File:Assessing_the_performance_of_stormwater_ponds_-_Minnesota_Stormwater_Manual_May_2022.pdf Download pdf]</font size>]]
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[[File:General information page image.png|right|100px|alt=image]]
  
[[category:BMP]]
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{{alert|Constructed basins (ponds and wetlands) can be an important tool for retention and detention of stormwater runoff. Because they utilize vegetation, bioretention practices provide additional benefits, including cleaner air, carbon sequestration, improved biological habitat, and aesthetic value.|alert-success}}
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Constructed basins (<span title="A stormwater retention basin that includes a combination of permanent pool storage and extended detention storage above the permanent pool to provide additional water quality or rate control"> [https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=Stormwater_ponds '''wet ponds''']</span> and <span title="Stormwater wetlands are similar in design to stormwater ponds and mainly differ by their variety of water depths and associated vegetative complex."> '''[https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=Stormwater_wetlands stormwater wetlands]'''</span>) are designed to retain solids and associated pollutants by settling. A typical method for assessing the performance of of constructed basins is therefore measuring and comparing pollutant concentrations at the <span title="Influent typically refers to the water entering a stormwater bmp. It refers to water that has not been treated by the device, though the water may have received treatment from an upstream bmp"> '''influent'''</span> and <span title="Effluent typically refers to the water exiting a stormwater BMP. It therefore typically reflects water treated by the device."> '''effluent'''</span>.
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An [http://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/ online manual] for assessing BMP treatment performance was developed in 2010 by Andrew Erickson, Peter Weiss, and John Gulliver from the University of Minnesota and St. Anthony Falls Hydraulic Laboratory. The manual advises on a four-level process to assess the performance of a Best Management Practice.
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*Level 1: [https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/assessment-programs/visual-inspection Visual Inspection]. This includes assessments for infiltration practices and for [http://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/filtration-practices/visual-inspection-filtration-practices filtration practices]. The website includes links to a downloadable checklist.
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*Level 2: [https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/assessment-programs/capacity-testing Capacity Testing]. Level 2 testing can be applied to both infiltration and filtration practices.
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*Level 3: [https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/assessment-programs/synthetic-runoff-testing Synthetic Runoff Testing] for infiltration and filtration practices. Synthetic runoff test results can be used to develop an accurate characterization of pollutant retention or removal, but can be limited by the need for an available water volume and discharge.
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*Level 4: [https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/assessment-programs/monitoring Monitoring for infiltration] or filtration practices
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Level 1 activities do not produce numerical performance data that could be used to obtain a stormwater management <span title="The stormwater runoff volume or pollutant reduction achieved toward meeting a runoff volume or water quality goal."> [https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=Overview_of_stormwater_credits '''credit (stormwater credit)''']</span>.  BMP owners and operators who are interested in using data obtained from Levels 2 and 3 should consult with the MPCA or other regulatory agency to determine if the results are appropriate for credit calculations.  Level 4, monitoring, is the method most frequently used for assessment of the performance of a BMP.
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Use these links to obtain detailed information on the following topics related to BMP performance monitoring:
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*[http://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/developing-assessment-program Developing an Assessment Program]
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*[https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/water-budget-measurement Water Budget Measurement]
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*[https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/sampling-methods Sampling Methods]
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*[https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/analysis-water-and-soils Analysis of Water and Soils]
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*[https://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/data-analysis Data Analysis for Monitoring]
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Additional information on designing a monitoring network and performing field monitoring are found at [http://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/Calculating_credits_for_stormwater_ponds#Credits_Based_on_Field_Monitoring this link].
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Case studies include the following.
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*[http://www.trca.on.ca/dotAsset/26185.pdf Performance Aassessment of a Pond-Wetland Stormwater Management Facility - Markham, Ontario]
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*[http://stormwaterbook.safl.umn.edu/case-studies/case-study-11-stormwater-retention-ponds-maintenance-vs-efficiency Case Study #11: Stormwater Retention Ponds: Maintenance vs. Efficiency]
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*[http://www.cwp.org/online-watershed-library/cat_view/63-research/69-stormwater Pollutant Removal Dynamics of Three Wet Ponds in Canada] (scroll down page to article)
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*[http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05302000-16250046/unrestricted/ThesisSBLFinal.PDF Assessing the Nonpoint Source Pollutant Removal Efficiencies of a Two-Basin Stormwater Management System in an Urbanizing Watershed]
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<noinclude>
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==Related pages==
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*[[Overview for stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Types of stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Design criteria for stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Design considerations for constructed stormwater ponds used for harvest and irrigation use/reuse]]
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*[[Construction specifications for stormwater ponds]]
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<!--[[Construction observations for stormwater ponds]]-->
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*[[Assessing the performance of stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Operation and maintenance of stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Cost-benefit considerations for stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Calculating credits for stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Stormwater wet pond fact sheet]]
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<!--[[Additional considerations for stormwater ponds]]
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*[[Links for stormwater ponds]]
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*[[External resources for stormwater ponds]]-->
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*[[References for stormwater ponds]]
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<!--*[[Supporting material for stormwater ponds]]-->
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*[[Requirements, recommendations and information for using stormwater pond as a BMP in the MIDS calculator]]
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Links to pages discussing assessment of other BMPs can be found at [http://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/Category:Assessing_performance this page].
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[[Category:Level 3 - Best management practices/Specifications and details/Assessing performance]]
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</noinclude>

Latest revision as of 21:02, 18 July 2022

image
Green Infrastructure: Constructed basins (ponds and wetlands) can be an important tool for retention and detention of stormwater runoff. Because they utilize vegetation, bioretention practices provide additional benefits, including cleaner air, carbon sequestration, improved biological habitat, and aesthetic value.

Constructed basins ( wet ponds and stormwater wetlands) are designed to retain solids and associated pollutants by settling. A typical method for assessing the performance of of constructed basins is therefore measuring and comparing pollutant concentrations at the influent and effluent.

An online manual for assessing BMP treatment performance was developed in 2010 by Andrew Erickson, Peter Weiss, and John Gulliver from the University of Minnesota and St. Anthony Falls Hydraulic Laboratory. The manual advises on a four-level process to assess the performance of a Best Management Practice.

  • Level 1: Visual Inspection. This includes assessments for infiltration practices and for filtration practices. The website includes links to a downloadable checklist.
  • Level 2: Capacity Testing. Level 2 testing can be applied to both infiltration and filtration practices.
  • Level 3: Synthetic Runoff Testing for infiltration and filtration practices. Synthetic runoff test results can be used to develop an accurate characterization of pollutant retention or removal, but can be limited by the need for an available water volume and discharge.
  • Level 4: Monitoring for infiltration or filtration practices

Level 1 activities do not produce numerical performance data that could be used to obtain a stormwater management credit (stormwater credit). BMP owners and operators who are interested in using data obtained from Levels 2 and 3 should consult with the MPCA or other regulatory agency to determine if the results are appropriate for credit calculations. Level 4, monitoring, is the method most frequently used for assessment of the performance of a BMP.

Use these links to obtain detailed information on the following topics related to BMP performance monitoring:

Additional information on designing a monitoring network and performing field monitoring are found at this link.

Case studies include the following.


Related pages

Links to pages discussing assessment of other BMPs can be found at this page.

This page was last edited on 18 July 2022, at 21:02.