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Image of BioClean The Kraken system

BioClean Environmental Services BioClean The Kraken is an engineered filtration system designed to filter pollutants from stormwater runoff. It is classified as a manufactured treatment device (mtd).

This page provides information on pollutant removal credits for BioClean The Kraken, links to supporting information, and links to information on system design, inspection, operation, and maintenance.

TP and TSS credits

When conditions described in this section are met, applicable BioClean The Kraken systems are approved for the following removals for total suspended solids (TSS) and total phosphorus (TP).

  • TSS: 80 percent removal
  • TP: Tier 1
    • Credit: 50 percent removal
    • Conditions for receiving credit
      • Inspect manufactured treatment device a minimum of twice during year 1. Conduct inspections following manufacturer’s instructions/recommendations and any additional instructions listed in this section. Use maintenance indicators provided by manufacturers to determine if maintenance is needed. Maintenance procedures should follow manufacturer’s guidelines. After year 1, follow manufacturers inspection, operation, and maintenance schedule and procedures unless otherwise required or unless year 1 inspections indicate a need for increased inspection and/or operation and maintenance.
      • Comply with appropriate configurations and Use conditions from TAPE.
      • Comply with appropriate configurations in the Design Manual and Use conditions
  • TP: Tier 2
    • Credit: 58 percent removal
    • Conditions for receiving credit
      • Must meet Tier 1 conditions.
      • DP should be 25 percent or less of TP. For a discussion of conditions where DP is likely to exceed 25% of TP, link here. TP removal should be adjusted when DP fractions exceed 25%, as described at the link provided above.
      • Inspect manufactured treatment device monthly during the frost free season for the first year of operation after construction. Conduct inspections following manufacturer’s instructions/recommendations. Use maintenance indicators provided by manufacturers to determine if maintenance is needed. Maintenance procedures should follow manufacturer’s guidelines. Determine future inspection and maintenance schedules from findings during the first year of operation.
  • TP: Tier 3 - no Tier 3 credit at this time

For more information on credits, see TP and TSS credits and guidance for manufactured treatment devices (mtds)


For a discussion of BioClean The Kraken configurations see appropriate configurations in the design, installation, and specification documents.

Use conditions

To receive the full credit, BioClean The Kraken systems must comply with the following conditions.

  1. Design, assemble, install, operate, and maintain BioClean The Kraken systems in accordance with applicable manuals.
  2. The maximum flow rates through the devices are specified below.
    1. Basic Treatment: Sized at a hydraulic loading rate of no more than 0.05000 gpm/ft2 per cartridge.
    2. Phosphorus Treatment: Sized at a hydraulic loading rate of no more than 0.04353 gpm/ft2 per cartridge.
      1. Effective Cartridge height 30.75 in, 170 ft2 surface area: 8.5 gpm and 7.40 gpm for Basic and Phosphorus treatment, respectively
      2. Effective Cartridge height 19.5 in, 90 ft2 surface area: 4.5 gpm and 3.92 gpm for Basic and Phosphorus treatment, respectively
      3. Effective Cartridge height 9.625 in, 40 ft2 surface area: 2.0 gpm and 1.74 gpm for Basic and Phosphorus treatment, respectively
  3. Systems are designed to treat a specified water quality volume or annual average runoff volume. The annual average runoff treated can be determined using methods that are specified here.
  4. Each site plan must undergo review before approval of the unit for site installation.
  5. The Kraken media shall conform to the specifications described in Specifications and shall be sourced from BioClean Environmental Services, Inc. (A Forterra Company) with no substitutions.
  6. Follow maintenance procedures given in the most recent version of the Operation and Maintenance Manual.
  7. Install the BioClean The Kraken in such a manner that flows exceeding the maximum BioClean The Kraken operating rate are conveyed around the BioClean The Kraken media and will not resuspend captured sediment.
  8. Discharges from the BioClean The Kraken units shall not cause or contribute to water quality standards violations in receiving waters.
  9. When applicable, adhere to use conditions provided in Washington State Department of Ecology's report (Ecology's Conditions of Use) GENERAL USE LEVEL DESIGNATION (GULD) FOR BASIC (TSS) AND PHOSPHORUS For BioClean Environmental Services, Inc’s The Kraken™ Membrane Filter. Note that some information in this report is specific to Washington State and not applicable to Minnesota.

Data analysis

Credits apply only to the water being treated by a device. The applicable treatment volume must be determined using one of the methods described here.

The Tier 1 credit equals the TAPE-approved credits. Tier 2 credit was determined by analyzing water quality data collected at the Lake Union Ship Canal Test Facility in Seattle, WA. The site consisted of 1.69 acres of impervious surface from parking and roadways areas. The unit size was 6 X 11 feet.

MPCA compiled data from General Use Level Designation Technical Evaluation Report. Below are summary statistics for the device.

  • Median TP inflow - 0.142 mg/L
  • Median TP removal (all data with concentrations > 0.05 mg/L) - 74.5%
  • 95% lower confidence limit TP removal (all data with concentrations > 0.05 mg/L) - 63.9%
  • Median TP removal (data meeting TAPE criteria) - 83.6%
  • 95% lower confidence limit TP removal (data meeting TAPE criteria) - 71.3%
  • Median TSS removal (all data) - 90.6%
  • 95% lower confidence limit TSS removal (all data) - 77.5%

TAPE means and medians represent values meeting TAPE criteria for TP (inflow concentrations of 0.1 to 0.5 mg/L) and TSS (inflow concentrations greater than 20 mg/L). Of the 14 samples, TAPE medians and means represent 10 samples for TP and 13 samples for TSS.

Inspection, operation, and maintenance

Meet the conditions specified for the appropriate TP and/or TSS credit.

Meet the following conditions, unless conditions for the appropriate TP and/or TSS credit are more stringent.

  • 2 maintenance visits required annually if annual precipitation exceeds 30 inches; one visit annually if annual precipitation is less than 30 inches


This page was last edited on 3 August 2022, at 20:26.