Cold climate plant materials of the upper midwest with known salt tolerance, listed from wet to dry soil moisture
Link to this table

Plant Material Soil Moisture Salt Tolerance in Soil Growth Form Notes on Use
American elm (Ulmus Americana) Always Wet/Frequently Saturated Medium/Low1 Tree
Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Always Wet Medium1 Tree
Canada wild rye (Elymus canadensis) Frequently Saturated Medium Herbaceous-grass
Meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) Frequently Saturated Low Herbaceous-grass
Karl Foerster reed grass (Calamogrostis acutifolia ‘Karl Foerster’) Frequently Saturated/ Mostly Drained High Herbaceous-grass This is a cultivar for landscaping
White ash (Fraxinus Americana) Frequently Saturated/ Mostly Drained High1 Tree
Poplars (Populus spp.) Frequently Saturated/ Mostly Drained Medium1 Tree Including aspen, cottonwood, black and silver-leaved poplar; fast growing; also provide good streambank stabilization; highly tolerant to salt spray
Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) Frequently Saturated/Mostly Drained Medium Tree
Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) Mostly Drained High1 Tree
Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) Mostly Drained Medium Shrub Colonizes and spreads in high sun
Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) Mostly Drained High Shrub
Cutleaf sumac (Rhus trilobata) Mostly Drained High Shrub
Rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa) Mostly Drained Low Shrub
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) Mostly Drained Medium Herbaceous - grass
Blue grama grass (Bouteloua hirsuta) Mostly Drained High Herbaceous - grass Selections being made for strongly salt-tolerant varieties; see University of Minnesota for latest
Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) Mostly Drained High Herbaceous - grass
Alkali grass (Puccinella distans) Mostly Drained High Herbaceous - grass
Tall wheatgrass (Agropyron elongatum) Mostly Drained High Herbaceous - grass
Western wheat grass (Elytrigia smithii) Mostly Drained High Herbaceous - grass
Seed Mix: MNDOT urban prairie Mostly Drained High Herbaceous - grass
Seed Mix: MNDOT western tall grass prairie U M Herbaceous - grass

1trees with some tolerance to spray

This page was last edited on 2 February 2023, at 14:41.