m
m
 
(14 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{alert|This page and section are in development|alert-under-construction}}
 
 
 
[[File:Step pool.jpg|300px|thumb|alt=image of step pool|<font size=3>Stormwater step pool. Courtesy of Limnotech.</font size>]]
 
[[File:Step pool.jpg|300px|thumb|alt=image of step pool|<font size=3>Stormwater step pool. Courtesy of Limnotech.</font size>]]
  
{{alert|Swales can be an important tool for retention and detention of stormwater runoff. Because they utilize vegetation, swales provide additional benefits, including cleaner air, carbon sequestration, improved biological habitat, and aesthetic value.|alert-success}}
+
{{alert|Swales can be an important tool for retention and detention of stormwater runoff. Depending on design and construction, swales may provide additional benefits, including cleaner air, carbon sequestration, improved biological habitat, and aesthetic value. See the section [[Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI) and sustainable stormwater management]].|alert-success}}
  
 
Stormwater step pools are defined by its design features that address higher energy flows due to more dramatic slopes than dry or wet swales. Using a series of pools, riffle grade control, native vegetation and a sand seepage filter bed, flow velocities are reduced, treated, and, where applicable, infiltrated. to shallow groundwater. The physical characteristics of the stormwater step pools are similar to Rosgen A or B stream classification types, where “bedform occurs as a step/pool, cascading channel which often stores large amounts of sediment in the pools associated with debris dams” (Rosgen, 1996). These structures feature surface/subsurface runoff storage seams and an energy dissipation design that is aimed at attenuating the flow to a desired level through energy and hydraulic power equivalency principles (Anne Arundel County, 2009). Stormwater step pools are designed with a wide variety of native plant species depending on the hydraulic conditions and expected post-flow soil moisture at any given point within the stormwater step pool.
 
Stormwater step pools are defined by its design features that address higher energy flows due to more dramatic slopes than dry or wet swales. Using a series of pools, riffle grade control, native vegetation and a sand seepage filter bed, flow velocities are reduced, treated, and, where applicable, infiltrated. to shallow groundwater. The physical characteristics of the stormwater step pools are similar to Rosgen A or B stream classification types, where “bedform occurs as a step/pool, cascading channel which often stores large amounts of sediment in the pools associated with debris dams” (Rosgen, 1996). These structures feature surface/subsurface runoff storage seams and an energy dissipation design that is aimed at attenuating the flow to a desired level through energy and hydraulic power equivalency principles (Anne Arundel County, 2009). Stormwater step pools are designed with a wide variety of native plant species depending on the hydraulic conditions and expected post-flow soil moisture at any given point within the stormwater step pool.
 +
 +
<font size=4>[[Acknowledgements for dry swale|Acknowledgements]]</font size>
  
 
<font size=3>'''High-gradient stormwater step-pool swale articles'''</font size>
 
<font size=3>'''High-gradient stormwater step-pool swale articles'''</font size>
Line 14: Line 14:
 
*[[Design criteria for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[Design criteria for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[Construction specifications for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]  
 
*[[Construction specifications for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]  
*[[Operation and maintenance of high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
+
*[[Operation and maintenance (O&M) of swales]]
 +
*[[Operation and maintenance of swales - supplemental information]]
 +
**[[Operation and maintenance of high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]] - recommend using the above two links
 
*[[Assessing the performance of high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[Assessing the performance of high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 +
*[[Case studies for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[Check dams for stormwater swales]]
 
*[[Check dams for stormwater swales]]
 
*[[Plants for swales]]
 
*[[Plants for swales]]
 
*[[Calculating credits for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[Calculating credits for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
*[[Cost-benefit considerations for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
+
*[https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=Cost_considerations_for_dry_swale_(grass_swale) Cost considerations]
*[[Case studies for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
+
*[[Supporting material for swales]]
 
*[[External resources for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[External resources for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[References for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
 
*[[References for high-gradient stormwater step-pool swale]]
*[[High-gradient stormwater step-pool swale and interesting websites]]
 
  
 
Stormwater step pools are currently not included as a BMP in the MIDS calculator. The swale main channel BMP can be used, but the maximum allowable slope is 4 percent. To dtermine volume retention for slopes greater than 4 percent, you will need to develop a relationship between the slope and volume retained. To do this, determine volume retention at 0.5 percent slope increments for your site at slopes ranging from 0.5 to 4 percent. Determine the appropriate regression for volume retention and slope and calculate the volume retained at the slope for your site. The relationship is not linear. Links to MIDS calculator information are provided below.
 
Stormwater step pools are currently not included as a BMP in the MIDS calculator. The swale main channel BMP can be used, but the maximum allowable slope is 4 percent. To dtermine volume retention for slopes greater than 4 percent, you will need to develop a relationship between the slope and volume retained. To do this, determine volume retention at 0.5 percent slope increments for your site at slopes ranging from 0.5 to 4 percent. Determine the appropriate regression for volume retention and slope and calculate the volume retained at the slope for your site. The relationship is not linear. Links to MIDS calculator information are provided below.
Line 29: Line 31:
 
*[https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=Requirements,_recommendations_and_information_for_using_swale_with_an_underdrain_as_a_BMP_in_the_MIDS_calculator Requirements, recommendations and information for using dry swale (grass swale) with an underdrain in the MIDS calculator]
 
*[https://stormwater.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?title=Requirements,_recommendations_and_information_for_using_swale_with_an_underdrain_as_a_BMP_in_the_MIDS_calculator Requirements, recommendations and information for using dry swale (grass swale) with an underdrain in the MIDS calculator]
 
*[[Requirements, recommendations and information for using swale side slope as a BMP in the MIDS calculator]]
 
*[[Requirements, recommendations and information for using swale side slope as a BMP in the MIDS calculator]]
 +
 +
<noinclude>
 +
[[Category:swale]]
 +
[[Category:BMP]]
 +
[[Category:Level 3 - Best management practices/Case studies and examples/Case studies]]
 +
</noinclude>

Latest revision as of 15:28, 20 July 2022

image of step pool
Stormwater step pool. Courtesy of Limnotech.
Green Infrastructure: Swales can be an important tool for retention and detention of stormwater runoff. Depending on design and construction, swales may provide additional benefits, including cleaner air, carbon sequestration, improved biological habitat, and aesthetic value. See the section Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI) and sustainable stormwater management.

Stormwater step pools are defined by its design features that address higher energy flows due to more dramatic slopes than dry or wet swales. Using a series of pools, riffle grade control, native vegetation and a sand seepage filter bed, flow velocities are reduced, treated, and, where applicable, infiltrated. to shallow groundwater. The physical characteristics of the stormwater step pools are similar to Rosgen A or B stream classification types, where “bedform occurs as a step/pool, cascading channel which often stores large amounts of sediment in the pools associated with debris dams” (Rosgen, 1996). These structures feature surface/subsurface runoff storage seams and an energy dissipation design that is aimed at attenuating the flow to a desired level through energy and hydraulic power equivalency principles (Anne Arundel County, 2009). Stormwater step pools are designed with a wide variety of native plant species depending on the hydraulic conditions and expected post-flow soil moisture at any given point within the stormwater step pool.

Acknowledgements

High-gradient stormwater step-pool swale articles

Stormwater step pools are currently not included as a BMP in the MIDS calculator. The swale main channel BMP can be used, but the maximum allowable slope is 4 percent. To dtermine volume retention for slopes greater than 4 percent, you will need to develop a relationship between the slope and volume retained. To do this, determine volume retention at 0.5 percent slope increments for your site at slopes ranging from 0.5 to 4 percent. Determine the appropriate regression for volume retention and slope and calculate the volume retained at the slope for your site. The relationship is not linear. Links to MIDS calculator information are provided below.

This page was last edited on 20 July 2022, at 15:28.