F. Primary Metals

1. Authorized Stormwater Discharges

The requirements in Sector F apply to stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity from primary metals, including products and manufacturing facilities, as identified by the industrial activity codes specified in Table 5 of Appendix D.

2. Industrial Activities Authorized by Sector F

Permittees under Sector F are primarily engaged in the following types of activities:

a. Steel works, blast furnaces, and rolling and finishing mills, including steel wire drawing and steel nails and spikes; cold-rolled steel sheet, strip, and bars; and steel pipes and tubes.

b. Iron and steel foundries, including gray and ductile iron, malleable iron, steel investment, and steel foundries, not elsewhere classified.

c. Primary smelting and refining of nonferrous metals, including primary smelting and refining of copper, and primary production of aluminum.

d. Secondary smelting and refining of nonferrous metals.

e. Rolling, drawing, and extruding of nonferrous metals, including rolling, drawing, and extruding of copper; rolling, drawing, and extruding of nonferrous metals except copper and aluminum; and drawing and insulating of nonferrous wire.

f. Nonferrous foundries (castings), including aluminum die-casting, nonferrous die-casting except aluminum, aluminum foundries, copper foundries, and nonferrous foundries except copper and aluminum.

g. Miscellaneous primary metal products, not elsewhere classified, including metal heat treating and primary metal products not elsewhere classified.

Activities covered include but are not limited to stormwater discharges associated with cooking operations, sintering plants, blast furnaces, smelting operations, rolling mills, casting operations, heat treating, extruding, drawing, or forging all types of ferrous and nonferrous metals, scrap, and ore.

3. Limitations on Authorization (No Additional Limitations)

4. Sector-Specific Definitions (No Additional Definitions)

5. Stormwater Controls

a. Employee Training (No additional requirements).

b. Erosion and Sedimentation Controls (No additional requirements).

c. Good Housekeeping.

The Permittee shall include a cleaning and maintenance program for all impervious areas of the facility where particulate matter, dust, or debris may accumulate, especially areas where material loading and unloading, storage, handling, and processing occur. The Permittee shall also implement a cleaning program which includes regular sweeping for paved areas where vehicle traffic or material storage occur but where vegetative or other stabilization methods are not practicable. For unstabilized areas where sweeping is not practicable, the Permittee shall choose alternative stormwater management devices that effectively trap or remove sediment.

d. Inspections.

1. The Permittee shall conduct inspections addressing air pollution control equipment (e.g. baghouses, electrostatic precipitators, scrubbers, and cyclones) for any signs of degradation (e.g. leaks, corrosion, or improper operation) that could limit efficiency and lead to excessive emissions. The Permittee shall monitor air flow at inlets and outlets (or use equivalent measures) to check for leaks (e.g. particulate deposition) or blockage in ducts. Also inspect all process and material handling equipment (e.g. conveyors, cranes, and vehicles) for leaks, drips, or the potential loss of material.

2. In addition to the inspection requirements outlined in Part III.G, the Permittee shall ensure that a total of two (2) of the required monthly inspections occur during runoff events, with at least one being performed during snow melt. Each inspection shall include a visual assessment of the runoff to identify any visible sheens or films that indicate the presence of oil or grease in the discharge. If sheens are present in stormwater discharges, corrective actions to prevent sheen shall be implemented and documented in the SWPPP.

The Permittee is only required to conduct visual inspections of runoff originating from, or passing through, areas of industrial activity and/or significant materials. Any runoff that does not contact industrial activity and/or significant materials (e.g. office buildings, employee parking lots, natural areas, etc) is not required to be inspected.

e. Preventive Maintenance (No additional requirements).

f. Spills and Leaks (No additional requirements).

g. Management of Runoff (No additional requirements).

h. Other Industry Specific Control Measures (No additional requirements).

6. SWPPP Requirements

In addition to the requirements of Part IV, the Permittee shall also comply with the following:

a. Facility Map.

The Permittee shall identify where the following activities may be exposed to stormwater:

1. Storage or disposal of wastes such as spent solvents and baths, sand, slag and dross.

2. Pollution control equipment (e.g. baghouses).

3. Coal, coke, scrap, sand, fluxes, refractories, or metal in any form. In addition, indicate where an accumulation of significant amounts of particulate matter could occur from such sources as furnace or oven emissions and losses from coal and coke handling operations.

b. Inventory of Exposed Material.

The Permittee shall include in the inventory of materials, areas where deposition of particulate matter from process air emissions or losses during material-handling activities are possible.

c. Potential Pollutant Sources (No additional requirements).

d. Description of Stormwater Controls (No additional requirements).

7. Monitoring and Reporting Requirements

In accordance with the monitoring requirements of Part V, the Permittee shall monitor the applicable parameters in Table F-1, below:

Sector-Specific Benchmark Values and Effluent Limitations: Sector F - Primary metals. Discharges may be subject to requirements for more than one sector or subsector.
Link to this table

Subsector Parameter Benchmark Values
F1 Steel Works, Blast Furnaces, and Rolling and Finishing Mills Aluminum, Total (as Al) 1.5 mg/L
Zinc, Total (as Zn) 0.234 mg/L 1
Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 2
F2 Iron and Steel Foundries Aluminum, Total (as Al) 1.5 mg/L
Copper, Total (as Cu) 0.028 mg/L 1
Iron, Total (as Fe) 1.0 mg/L
Zinc, Total (as Zn) 0.234 mg/L 1
Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 2
F3 Rolling, Drawing, and Extruding of Nonferrous Metals Copper, Total (as Cu) 0.028 mg/L 1
Zinc, Total (as Zn) 0.234 mg/L 1
Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 2
F4 Nonferrous Foundries Copper, Total (as Cu) 0.028 mg/L 1
Zinc, Total (as Zn) 0.234 mg/L 1
Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 2
F5 Primary & Secondary Smelting and Refining of Nonferrous Metals and Miscellaneous Primary Metal Products Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 2

1The benchmark values of some metals are influenced by water hardness. For these parameters, the Permittee may determine the hardness of the stormwater discharges to identify the applicable ‘hardness range’ for determining their benchmark value. See Table 4 of Appendix B for hardness dependent benchmark values in accordance with Minn. R. 7050.0222 and Minn. R. 7052.0100.
2If the Permittee is required to comply with Appendix A, part F.1, the benchmark value for Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) is 65 mg/L, instead of 100 mg/L.

8. Use of Infiltration Devices and/or Industrial Stormwater Ponds for Stormwater Treatment and Disposal

Sector F industrial facilities are authorized to use designed infiltration devices or industrial stormwater ponds for stormwater management.

This page was last edited on 30 April 2015, at 15:51.