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S. Air Transportation

1. Authorized Stormwater Discharges

The requirements in Sector S apply to stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity from air transportation facilities as identified by the industrial activity code specified in Table 5 of Appendix D.

2. Industrial Activities Authorized by Sector S

Permittees under Sector S are primarily engaged in the following types of activities:

a. Servicing, repairing, or maintaining aircraft and ground vehicles.

b. Equipment cleaning and maintenance (including vehicle and equipment rehabilitation, mechanical repairs, painting, fueling, and lubrication).

c. Deicing/anti-icing operations.

3. Limitation on Authorization

a. Only those portions of the air transportation facility that are involved in vehicle maintenance (including vehicle rehabilitation, mechanical repairs, painting, fueling, and lubrication), equipment cleaning operations, or deicing operations are regulated as industrial activity under this permit, unless other portions of the facility include industrial activities that are described at 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(i-ix and xi), which are also regulated under this permit. In this case, these activities are co-located with the air transportation activities and the appropriate sector requirements for these activities also apply.

b. This permit does not authorize the discharge of aircraft, ground vehicle, runway and equipment washwater, or the dry weather discharge of deicing chemicals. Such discharges must be authorized by a separate NPDES permit.

4. Sector-Specific Definitions

a. "Airport Authority" means a single management organization of the airport (usually a public entity).

b. “Deicing” means both deicing (removing frost, snow, or ice) and anti-icing (preventing accumulation of frost, snow, or ice) activities, unless specific mention is made regarding anti-icing and/or deicing activities.

c. "Deicing Season" means the average seasonal timeframe (e.g. December-February, October-March, etc) during which deicing activities occur at the facility. The Permittee shall identify the average deicing season length in the facility's SWPPP.

d. “Primary Airport” means as described in 49 USC 47102, a commercial service airport the Secretary determines to have more than 10,000 passenger boardings each year.

e. “Tenant” means airline carriers, fixed-base operators (e.g. fueling companies and maintenance shops), and others that have leases/agreements to conduct business on airport property. Tenants of the airport that conduct industrial activities as described above, or as described anywhere in 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14), are required to apply for authorization under an NPDES stormwater permit.

5. Stormwater Controls

a. Employee Training.

The Permittee shall address the following in the employee training program:

1. Proper handling of deicing materials and fuels.

2. Spill and leak prevention.

3. Proper recordkeeping of deicing fluids applied and stored.

b. Erosion and Sedimentation Controls (No additional requirements).

c. Good Housekeeping (No additional requirements).

d. Inspections.

1. In addition to the inspection requirements outlined in Part III.G, the Permittee shall conduct two (2) inspections per month with no less than ten (10) days between inspections during the deicing season, as specified in the Permittee’s SWPPP.

2. In addition to the inspection requirements outlined in Part III.G, the Permittee shall ensure that a total of two (2) of the required monthly inspections occur during runoff events, with at least one being performed during snow melt. Each inspection shall include a visual assessment of the runoff to identify any visible sheens or films that indicate the presence of oil or grease in the discharge. If sheens are present in stormwater discharges, corrective actions to prevent sheens or films from oil and grease shall be implemented and documented in the SWPPP.

The Permittee is only required to conduct visual inspections of runoff originating from, or passing through, areas of industrial activity and/or significant materials. Any runoff that does not contact industrial activity and/or significant materials (e.g. office buildings, employee parking lots, natural areas, etc) is not required to be inspected.

e. Preventive Maintenance.

1. The Permittee shall evaluate whether over-application of deicing chemicals on runways occurs by analyzing and adjusting application rates as necessary, consistent with considerations and requirements of flight safety. The evaluation must be carried out by the personnel most familiar with the particular aircraft and flight operations in question.

2. The Permittee shall describe and implement measures that prevent or minimize the contamination of stormwater runoff from all areas used for aircraft, ground vehicle, and equipment maintenance (including the maintenance conducted on the terminal apron and in dedicated hangers).

3. The Permittee shall describe and implement measures that prevent or minimize the contamination of stormwater with fuels and fuel servicing activities or other operations conducted in support of the airport fuel system.

4. The Permittee shall store all aircraft, ground vehicles and equipment awaiting maintenance in designated areas only. BMPs should be implemented in these designated areas to prevent or minimize contact of stormwater with materials exposed from vehicles awaiting maintenance.

f. Spills and Leaks (No additional requirements).

g. Management of Runoff.

The Permittee shall describe and implement a program to control or manage contaminated runoff to reduce the amount of pollutants being discharged from the facility. Describe the controls used for collecting or containing contaminated melt water from collection areas used for disposal of contaminated snow.

6. SWPPP Requirements

In addition to SWPPP requirements in Part IV, the following sector-specific requirements must be met for an air transportation facility. Where applicable, Permittees meeting the definition of tenant, above, shall create a SWPPP specific to the tenant's own operations for stormwater discharges associated with the leased property/space. The individual tenant’s SWPPP shall reference the airport authority’s SWPPP with coordination between the two entities. Conversely, the airport authority’s SWPPP shall reference the tenant’s SWPPP with coordination between the two entities.

a. Facility Map.

The Permittee shall identify the following areas of the facility and indicate whether activities occurring are or may be exposed to stormwater:

1. Aircraft and runway deicing operations.

2. Fueling stations.

3. Aircraft.

4. Ground vehicle and equipment maintenance/cleaning areas.

5. Storage areas for aircraft, ground vehicles, and equipment awaiting

maintenance.

b. Inventory of Exposed Materials (No additional requirements).

c. Potential Pollutant Sources.

The Permittee shall identify the potential for the following activities and facility areas to contribute pollutants to stormwater discharges:

1. Aircraft.

2. Runways.

3. Ground vehicle and equipment maintenance and cleaning.

4. Aircraft and runway deicing operations (including apron and centralized aircraft deicing stations, runways, taxiways, and ramps).

If the Permittee uses deicing chemicals or pesticides, records must be maintained of the types used (including the Material Safety Data Sheets [MSDS]) and the monthly quantities. This includes all deicing chemicals, not just glycols and urea (e.g. potassium acetate). All tenants that conduct these activities shall provide the above information in their SWPPP, which will be attached and updated as necessary to reflect current information.

d. Description of Stormwater Controls.

The Permittee shall clean equipment only in the areas identified in the SWPPP and clearly designate these areas using ground signage or other appropriate means.

7. Monitoring and Reporting Requirements

In addition to the monitoring requirements specified in ]]PART V. BENCHMARK MONITORING REQUIREMENTS|Part V]], the Permittee shall collect two (2) of the facility’s four (4) required samples during periods that are during the airport’s specified deicing season, for the applicable parameters, below.

Sector-Specific Benchmark Values and Effluent Limitations: Sector - S1. Discharges may be subject to requirements for more than one sector or subsector.
Link to this table

Subsector Parameter Benchmark Values
S1 Airports that use 100,000 gallons or more of glycol-based deicing/anti-icing chemicals and/or 100 tons or more of urea on an average annual basis. Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 1
5-Day Carbonaceous, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (CBOD5) 25 mg/L
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) 120 mg/L
Nitrogen, Ammonia, Total (as N) 2.8 mg/L
pH 2 6.0-9.0 SU

1If the Permittee is required to comply with Appendix A, part F.1, the benchmark value for Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) is 65 mg/L, instead of 100 mg/L.
2For purposes of benchmark pH monitoring, the Permittee is required to report instantaneous results only, and not a calculation of pH averages. pH measurements are logarithmic, and the Agency will be performing a logarithmic average for this parameter using the instantaneous results submitted.


Sector-Specific Benchmark Values and Effluent Limitations: Sector - S2: Discharges may be subject to requirements for more than one sector or subsector.
Link to this table

Subsector Parameter Benchmark Values
S2 Airports that use less than 100,000 gallons of glycol-based deicing/anti-icing chemicals and/or less than 100 tons of urea on an average annual basis. Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) 100 mg/L 1
5-Day Carbonaceous, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (CBOD5) 25 mg/L
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) 120 mg/L
Nitrogen, Ammonia, Total (as N) 2.8 mg/L

1If the Permittee is required to comply with Appendix A, part F.1, the benchmark value for Solids, Total Suspended (TSS) is 65 mg/L, instead of 100 mg/L.


8. Use of Infiltration Devices and/or Industrial Stormwater Ponds for Stormwater Treatment and Disposal

a. Industrial Stormwater Ponds

1. The Permittee of a sector S industrial facility that does not conduct deicing activities, as defined above, is authorized to use industrial stormwater ponds for stormwater management without additional restrictions.

2. The Permittee of a sector S industrial facility that conducts deicing activities, as defined above, is authorized to use industrial stormwater ponds for stormwater management provided that any industrial stormwater pond constructed after April 5, 2010, permit meets the following design criteria. Any Permittee required to comply with this part is not authorized to utilize the benchmark monitoring waiver described in Part V.A.4.a of the permit.

a. The industrial stormwater pond must be lined with a synthetic liner that is chemically compatible with materials expected to enter the pond, must be Ultra Violet (UV) stable, and must be designed to restrict infiltration to less than 500 gallons per acre per day.

b. The industrial stormwater pond must be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practices. (See Agency “Recommended Pond Design Criteria” December 2009, Document number: wq-wwtp5-53 and any applicable supporting technical criteria)

b. Infiltration Devices

1. The Permittee of a sector S industrial facility that does not conduct deicing activities, as defined above, is authorized to use a designed infiltration device for industrial stormwater management and is not required to comply with Part VII.S.8.b.2, below.

2. The Permittee of a sector S industrial facility that conducts deicing activities, as defined above, is authorized to use a designed infiltration device, implemented prior to April 5, 2010 of this permit, for stormwater management provided the Permittee complies with the following requirements:

a. The Permittee shall conduct benchmark monitoring in accordance with the terms and conditions of Part V of all industrial stormwater prior to infiltration. However, any Permittee required to comply with this part that is using a designed infiltration device to manage industrial stormwater is not authorized to utilize the benchmark monitoring waiver described in Part V.A.4.a of the permit.

b. If the Permittee has a designed infiltration device operating prior to April 5, 2010, the Permittee is authorized to continue using that device. However, on or after April 5, 2010, the Permittee is not authorized to construct new infiltration devices, expand infiltration activities or practices that result in infiltration, or expand volume of infiltration.

This page was last edited on 30 April 2015, at 21:19.