Non-stormwater benefits of several trees that can be used in tree trenches/tree boxes. NOTE: this list is not exhaustive and could include dozens of additional species.
Link to this table

Scientific name1,2,3 Common name 1,2,3 Additional benefit (F=human food, W=wildlife habitat/browse, L=lumber)3
Acer saccharinum 1,2 Silver maple FWL
Amelanchier spp. 2 Juneberry/serviceberry FW
Betula populifolia 2 Gray birch W
Carya ovata 2 Shagbark hickory FWL
Catalpa speciosa 2 Northern catalpa WL
Celtis occidentalis 2 Common hackberry W
Cercis canadensis 2 Eastern redbud W
Cladrastis kentukea 2 Yellowood, Kentucky yellowood L
Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis 2 Thornless cockspur hawthorn W
Fraxinus americana 2 White ash WL
Fraxinus mandschurica Manchurian ash WL
Fraxinus nigra 1 Black ash WL
Fraxinus pennsylvanica 1,2 Green ash WL
Gleditsia tricanthos var. inermis 2 Thornless common honeylocust WL
Gymnocladus dioicus 2 Kentucky coffeetree WL
Larix decidua 3 European larch L
Larix laricina 1 Tamarack L
Malus spp. 2 Crabapple spp. FW
Ostrya virginiana 2 American hophornbeam, ironwood W
Populus grandidentata Michx. Bigtooth aspen WL
Populus deltoides 1,2 Eastern cottonwood L
Populus tremuloides 1,1 Quaking aspen L
Prunus virginiana 2 Chokecherry FW
Quercus bicolor 2 Swamp white oak WL
Quercus macrocarpa 2 Bur oak WL
Quercus rubra 2 Red oak WL
Robinia pseudoacacia 2 Black locust, false acacia, robinia L
Salix babylonica Weeping or Babylon willow L
Taxodium distichum 2 Common baldcypress L
Tilia americana 2 Basswood WL

1 Shaw, D. and R. Schmidt. 2003. Plants for Stormwater Design: Species Selection for the Upper Midwest. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
2 Bassuk, N. et al. 2009. Recommended Urban Trees: Site Assessment and Tree Selection for Stress Tolerance. Urban Horticulture Institute, Dept of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
3 USDA NRCS Plants Database.