General information for several trees that can be used in tree trenches/tree boxes. NOTE: this list is not exhaustive and could include dozens of additional species.
Link to this table Download as a Word document (File:Tree species list - pH and moisture ranges.docx) or Excel spreadsheet (File:Tree species list - pH and moisture ranges.xlsx)

Scientific name1,2,3,4 Common name 1,2,3,4 Soil moisture condition5 Wetland indicator status6 Moisture use pH range
Acer x freemanii 2 Freeman maple 3-9 FAC High 7.0-8.5
Acer rubrum 2 Red maple 2-8 FAC High 4.7-7.3
Acer saccharinum 1,2 Silver maple 4-9 FACW High 4.0-7.3
Acer saccharum 1,2 Sugar maple 4-9 FACU Medium 3.7-7.9
Alnus glutinosa 2 European alder 2-8 FACW High 4.4-7.2
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa 1,2 Speckled alder 3-9 FACW High 5.0-7.0
Amelanchier spp. 2 Juneberry/serviceberry 4-7 FACU Medium 4.8-8.4
Betula nigra 'Cully' & ' BNMFT' 1,2 Heritage and Dura-Heat river birch 2-8 FACW High 3.0-6.5
Betula populifolia 2 Gray birch 4-8 FAC Low 3.5-6.5
Carpinus betulus 2 European hornbeam 4-9 FAC Medium 4.0-7.4
Carpinus caroliniana 2 American hornbeam 3-9 FAC Medium 4.0-7.4
Carya ovata 2 Shagbark hickory 3-11 FACU medium 4.0-7.3
Catalpa speciosa 2 Narthern catalpa 2-10 FACU Low 5.5-7.0
Celtis occidentalis 2 Common hackberry 3-11 FAC Low 6.0-7.8
Cercis canadensis 2 Eastern redbud 4-10 FACU Low 5.0-7.9
Cladrastis kentukea 2 Yellowood, Kentucky yellowood 4-7 Low 4.8-7.5
Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis 2 Thornless cockspur hawthorn 4-11 FAC Low 4.5-7.2
Crataegus phaenopyrum 2 Washington hawthorn 4-9 FAC medium 4.3-7.0
Fraxinus americana 2 White ash 3-9 FACU High 4.7-7.5
Fraxinus Manchurian Manchrian ash 3-9 FACW High 4.4-8.2
Fraxinus nigra 1 Black ash 3-9 FACW High 4.4-8.2
Fraxinus pennsylvanica 1,2 Green ash 3-9 FACW Medium 4.7-8.1
Gingko biloba 2 Gingko – male only 4-12 FAC Medium 5.2-7.5
Gleditsia tricanthos var. inermis 2 Thornless common honeylocust 2-12 FAC Medium 4.8-8.0
Gymnocladus dioicus 2 Kentucky coffeetree 3-12 FACU Medium 6.0-8.0
Larix decidua 3 European larch 3-10 FACU Medium 5.0-6.8
Larix laricina 1 Tamarack 3-10 FACW Medium 5.5-6.5
Maackia amurensis 2 Amur maackia 4-9 4.0-8.0
Malus spp. 2 Crabapple spp. 3-8 FACU Medium 5.0-7.5
Ostrya virginiana 2 American hophornbeam, ironwood 4-10 FACU Low 4.2-7.6
Phellodendron amurense 2 Amur corktree 2-11 FAC 4.5-6.5
Populus grandidentata Michx. 2 Bigtooth aspen 4-10 FACU High 4.8-7.2
Populus deltoides 1,2 Eastern cottonwood 1-12 FAC High 4.6-6.5
Populus tremuloides 1,1 Quaking aspen 4-10 FAC High 4.3-9.0
Prunus sargentii 2 Sargent cherry 4-7 FACU Medium 5.5-8.5
Prunus virginiana 2 Chokecherry 4.9 FACU Medium 5.2-8.4
Pyrus fauriei 'Westwood' 2 Korean SunTM pear 3-11 8.2
Pyrus ussuriensis 2 Ussurian pear, Chinese pear 3-11 Medium 5.5-7.5
Quercus bicolor 2 Swamp white oak 2-11 FACW High 4.3-6.5
Quercus macropcarpa 2 Bur oak 2-12 FAC Medium 4.5-7.5
Quercus rubra 2 Red oak 4-11 FACU Medium 4.3-7.3
Robinia pseudoacacia 2 Black locust, false acacia, robinia 3-12 FACU Medium 4.6-8.2
Salix nigra 1 Black willow 1-6 OBL High 4.8-8.0
Salix babylonica Weeping or Babylon willow 3-10 FACW High 4.5-8.0
Sorbus americana 3 American mountainash 4-9 FAC Medium 5.3-6.8
Sorbus alnifolia 2 Korean mountainash 4-9 5.0-8.0
Sorbus x hybrida, Sorbus x thuringiaca 2 Oak-leaf mountainash 4-9 5.0-8.0
Syringa reticulata 2 Japanese tree lilac 4-11 8.2d</t>
Taxodium distichum 2 Common baldcypress 1-10 OBL High 4.5-6.0
Tilia americana 2 Basswood 3-9 FACU Medium 4.5-7.5
Tilia cordata 2 Littleleaf linden 4-9 Medium 4.8-7.2
Tilia x euchlora 2 Crimean linden, Caucasian lime 4-9 8.2
Ulmus x species 2 Elm hybrids 2-11 5.8-8.0

1 Shaw, D. and R. Schmidt. 2003. Plants for Stormwater Design: Species Selection for the Upper Midwest. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
2 Bassuk, N. et al. 2009. Recommended Urban Trees: Site Assessment and Tree Selection for Stress Tolerance. Urban Horticulture Institute, Dept of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
3 USDA NRCS Plants Database. www.usda.plants.gov
4 Dirr, M.. 1998. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 5th Ed.. Timber Press, Inc. Portland, OR.
5 Range is from 1 (saturated soils) to 12 (droughty soils)
6 OBL=obligate wetland, FACW=facultative wetland, FAC=faculative (upland or wetland), FACU=facultative upland, UPL=obligate upland

This page was last edited on 30 June 2022, at 20:31.