General information for several trees that can be used in tree trenches/tree boxes. NOTE: this list is not exhaustive and could include dozens of additional species.
Link to this table

Scientific name1,2,3,4 Common name 1,2,3,4 Soil moisture condition5 Wetland indicator status6 Moisture use pH range
Acer x freemanii 2 Freeman maple 3-9 FAC High 7.0-8.5
Acer rubrum 2 Red maple 2-8 FAC High 4.7-7.3
Acer saccharinum 1,2 Silver maple 4-9 FACW High 4.0-7.3
Acer saccharum 1,2 Sugar maple 4-9 FACU Medium 3.7-7.9
Alnus glutinosa 2 European alder 2-8 FACW High 4.4-7.2
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa 1,2 Speckled alder 3-9 FACW High 5.0-7.0
Amelanchier spp. 2 Juneberry/serviceberry 4-7 FACU Medium 4.8-8.4
Betula nigra 'Cully' & ' BNMFT' 1,2 Heritage and Dura-Heat river birch 2-8 FACW High 3.0-6.5
Betula populifolia 2 Gray birch 4-8 FAC Low 3.5-6.5
Carpinus betulus 2 European hornbeam 4-9 FAC Medium 4.0-7.4
Carpinus caroliniana 2 American hornbeam 3-9 FAC Medium 4.0-7.4
Carya ovata 2 Shagbark hickory 3-11 FACU medium 4.0-7.3
Catalpa speciosa 2 Narthern catalpa 2-10 FACU Low 5.5-7.0
Celtis occidentalis 2 Common hackberry 3-11 FAC Low 6.0-7.8
Cercis canadensis 2 Eastern redbud 4-10 FACU Low 5.0-7.9
Cladrastis kentukea 2 Yellowood, Kentucky yellowood 4-7 Low 4.8-7.5
Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis 2 Thornless cockspur hawthorn 4-11 FAC Low 4.5-7.2
Crataegus phaenopyrum 2 Washington hawthorn 4-9 FAC medium 4.3-7.0
Fraxinus americana 2 White ash 3-9 FACU High 4.7-7.5
Fraxinus Manchurian Manchrian ash 3-9 FACW High 4.4-8.2
Fraxinus nigra 1 Black ash 3-9 FACW High 4.4-8.2
Fraxinus pennsylvanica 1,2 Green ash 3-9 FACW Medium 4.7-8.1
Gingko biloba 2 Gingko – male only 4-12 FAC Medium 5.2-7.5
Gleditsia tricanthos var. inermis 2 Thornless common honeylocust 2-12 FAC Medium 4.8-8.0
Gymnocladus dioicus 2 Kentucky coffeetree 3-12 FACU Medium 6.0-8.0
Larix decidua 3 European larch 3-10 FACU Medium 5.0-6.8
Larix laricina 1 Tamarack 3-10 FACW Medium 5.5-6.5
Maackia amurensis 2 Amur maackia 4-9 4.0-8.0
Malus spp. 2 Crabapple spp. 3-8 FACU Medium 5.0-7.5
Ostrya virginiana 2 American hophornbeam, ironwood 4-10 FACU Low 4.2-7.6
Phellodendron amurense 2 Amur corktree 2-11 FAC 4.5-6.5
Populus grandidentata Michx. 2 Bigtooth aspen 4-10 FACU High 4.8-7.2
Populus deltoides 1,2 Eastern cottonwood 1-12 FAC High 4.6-6.5
Populus tremuloides 1,1 Quaking aspen 4-10 FAC High 4.3-9.0
Prunus sargentii 2 Sargent cherry 4-7 FACU Medium 5.5-8.5
Prunus virginiana 2 Chokecherry 4.9 FACU Medium 5.2-8.4
Pyrus fauriei 'Westwood' 2 Korean SunTM pear 3-11 8.2
Pyrus ussuriensis 2 Ussurian pear, Chinese pear 3-11 Medium 5.5-7.5
Quercus bicolor 2 Swamp white oak 2-11 FACW High 4.3-6.5
Quercus macropcarpa 2 Bur oak 2-12 FAC Medium 4.5-7.5
Quercus rubra 2 Red oak 4-11 FACU Medium 4.3-7.3
Robinia pseudoacacia 2 Black locust, false acacia, robinia 3-12 FACU Medium 4.6-8.2
Salix nigra 1 Black willow 1-6 OBL High 4.8-8.0
Salix babylonica Weeping or Babylon willow 3-10 FACW High 4.5-8.0
Sorbus americana 3 American mountainash 4-9 FAC Medium 5.3-6.8
Sorbus alnifolia 2 Korean mountainash 4-9 5.0-8.0
Sorbus x hybrida, Sorbus x thuringiaca 2 Oak-leaf mountainash 4-9d> 5.0-8.0
Syringa reticulata 2 Japanese tree lilac 4-11> 8.2d>
Taxodium distichum 2 Common baldcypress 1-10> OBL High 4.5-6.0
Tilia americana 2 Basswood 3-9 FACU Medium 4.5-7.5
Tilia cordata 2 Littleleaf linden 4-9 Medium 4.8-7.2
Tilia x euchlora 2 Crimean linden, Caucasian lime 4-9 8.2
Ulmus x species 2 Elm hybrids 2-11 5.8-8.0

1 Shaw, D. and R. Schmidt. 2003. Plants for Stormwater Design: Species Selection for the Upper Midwest. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
2 Bassuk, N. et al. 2009. Recommended Urban Trees: Site Assessment and Tree Selection for Stress Tolerance. Urban Horticulture Institute, Dept of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
3 USDA NRCS Plants Database. www.usda.plants.gov
4 Dirr, M.. 1998. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 5th Ed.. Timber Press, Inc. Portland, OR.
5 Range is from 1 (saturated soils) to 12 (droughty soils)
6 OBL=obligate wetland, FACW=facultative wetland, FAC=faculative (upland or wetland), FACU=facultative upland, UPL=obligate upland

This page was last modified on 19 February 2016, at 10:37.

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