Product parameters for compost used for soil amendment and turf establishment
Link to this table.
|Parameter||Parameter definition||Range (Provided by G. Black, MPCA, 2007)|
|Source mater/nutrient content||Compost typically comes from biosolids/animal manure or yard wastes. Compost made from biosolids and animal manure typically contains more nutrients.1||
|Maturity||Maturity refers to the level of completeness of the composting process. Composts that have not progressed far enough along the decomposition process may contain phytotoxic compounds that inhibit plant growth.2||Seed emergence and seed vigor = minimum 80% relative to positive control|
|Stability||Compost stability refers to the biological activity in the composted material. Unstable composts may use available nitrogen in the soil and stunt plant growth.||CO2 Evolution rate: < 8 mg CO2-C/g-OM/day|
|pH||pH is a measure of acidity/alkalinity. Amending soil with compost can alter soil pH, which in turn can improve plant growth.||5.5-8.5|
|Soluble salts||The term “soluble salts” refers to the amount of soluble ions in a solution of compost and water. Because most plant nutrients are supplied in soluble form, excess non-nutrient soluble salts can inhibit plant growth.||Varies widely according to source materials for compost, but should be < 10 dS/m (mmhos/cm)|
|Organic matter||Organic matter is a measure of the amount of carbon-based materials in compost. There is no ideal range of organic matter for compost, but knowing the amount of organic matter in compost may help determine application rates for specific applications.||30-65% dry weight basis|
|Particle size||It is helpful to know the size of particles in a compost product. There is no ideal range for particle size, as it varies according to use. Specifications can be found on the USEPA web site and MnDOT Grade 2 compost (See Specification 3890).||Pass through 1-inch screen or less; 3/4 inch is preferable per MnDOT Specification 3890|
|Biological contaminants (weed seeds and pathogens)||Biological contaminants consist of pathogens (disease causing organisms) and weed seeds. High temperatures will inactivate both types of biological contaminants. Minnesota State composting rules require commercial composting operations to hold temperatures over 55 degrees C over an extended period of time to destroy pathogens. In addition, compost operations must monitor the process to prove that these conditions have been met.||Meet or exceed US EPA Class A standards, 40 CFR §503.32(a) levels|
|Physical contaminants (inerts)3||Inerts are materials (e.g. rocks, plastic, glass) that do not decompose. There is no ideal range but they may be aesthetically unpleasing and add no value to the compost.||< 1% dry weight basis4|
|Trace metals||Trace metals are elements that can be toxic to humans, animals, or plants at elevated concentrations||Meet or exceed US EPA Class A standards, 40 CFR §503.32(a) levels|
1MnDOT Grade 1 compost is derived from animal material; Grade 2 compost is derived from leaves and yard wastes, and/or SSOM compost with STA certification. See MnDOT Specification 3890
2MnDOT Specification 3890 states: "Considered mature and useable when 60 percent decomposition has been achieved as determined by an ignition-loss analysis test method and any one additional test method including the Solvita test value of equal to or greater than 5. This means that the compost product has no offensive smell, no identifiable organic materials, and will not reheat to more than 20 °F [11 °C] above the ambient temperature." Note, however, that desired maturity may vary depending on the application and time of application.
3Inert material should not be present in adequately screened, vegetated waste compost. Caution should be used when the compost originates as mixed municipal or unscreened compost.
4MnDOT Specification 3890 states: "< 3% at 0.15 in [4 mm]"