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This section provides the overall framework for the implementation strategies that are necessary to protect and restore our water resources. These high-level strategies are intended for both protection and restoration and are described by audience. The next section will provide more detailed implementation activities for the various sources of chloride. The over-arching implementation strategy is a performance-based approach. This approach allows stakeholders and regulators flexibility in the type of BMPs and the timing of implementation, and allows individuals an opportunity to develop chloride management strategies that are practical for their individual situation. Success under the performance-based approach will be measured in terms of the BMPs implemented.

A tool called the WMAt has been developed by the MPCA and is available for use by winter maintenance professionals across the state. The WMAt can be used voluntarily to understand current practices, identify areas of improvement, and track progress. While optional, everyone involved in winter maintenance is highly encouraged to use the WMAt. The tool is intended to streamline and simplify implementation goals and strategies. The tool can also be used to compare practices with other entities and learn from each other in order to achieve the greatest chloride reductions while providing a high level of service. Utilization of this planning tool will allow the user to track their progress over time and show the results of their efforts. The tool can serve as both a reporting mechanism to understand the current practices and as a planning tool to understand future practices. The planning side of the tool will help understand the challenges and costs associated with improved practices.

The overall performance-based implementation strategy for the primary audiences and a suggested timeframe is presented in the Performance-Based Chloride Reduction Strategies table with descriptive text following the figure. Secondary audiences are described at the end of this section and are not presented in a table.

Performance-Based Chloride Reduction Strategies
Link to this table

Audience years 1-2 years 1-2 years 3-5 years 6-10 Beyond year 10
Winter Maintenance Leadership (state, county, city, schools, private): those not involved in day to day operations of maintenance crew.
  • Review responsibilities
  • Develop policies
  • Assess the situation
  • Create goals
  • Set priorities
  • Implement changes
  • Use WMAt
  • Follow plan
  • Share successes
  • Re-assess operations
  • Revise goals
  • Continue to implement changes
  • Share successes
  • Re-assess operations
  • Revise goals
  • Continue to implement changes
  • Share successes.
Winter Maintenance Professionals (state, county, city, schools, private): plow drivers, mechanics, supervisors of crew.
  • Attend training
  • Keep an open mind towards change
  • Look for ways to make salt use more efficient
  • Use WMAt tool
  • Create list with the desired changes
  • Prioritize the action plan
  • Implement changes
  • Use less salt
  • Follow plan
  • Eliminate poor practices
  • Share successes
  • Use less salt
  • Re-assess operations
  • Adjust goals
  • Follow plan
  • Eliminate all poor practices
  • Share successes
  • Use less salt
  • Re-assess operations
  • Revise goals
  • Continue to implement changes
  • Share successes
  • Use less salt
WMOs/WDs, Environmental Organizations and Institutions, and Educators
  • Modify plan
  • Put salt education and outreach goals in the operating plans
  • Develop/modify grant program
  • Develop a cost share program
  • If there is an existing grant program, modify
  • Continue monitoring
  • Implement plan
  • Educate
  • Implement plan
  • Educate
  • Review and revise the outreach plan
  • Continue to educate
  • Encourage testing of new technologies
Municipalities
  • Create a plan
  • Start implementing the plan
  • Track progress
  • Use the WMAt
  • Prioritize actions
  • Continue monitoring
  • Follow plan
  • Continue to improve practices
  • MS4s report progress to MPCA
  • Review and revise plan
  • Continue to improve practices
  • MS4s report progress to MPCA
  • Follow plan
  • Continue to improve practices
  • MS4s report progress to MPCA
Wastewater Treatment Plants and Industrial Dischargers
  • Understand the sources
  • Create a plan to reduce and remove chloride
  • Monitor chloride in effluent
  • Implement plan
  • Discharge less salt
  • Continue implementing plan for lower salt discharge
  • Share successes
  • Discharge less salt
  • Review and revise plan
  • Continue making progress
  • Discharge less salt
Water Treatment Facilities (water supply)
  • Research to determine if centralized softening or individual softening would be a lower salt solution
  • Develop plan for minimal salt use in water distribution area.
  • Implement plan
  • Implement plan
  • Continue to work towards lower salt solutions.
Citizens
  • Follow recommendations
  • Use less salt
  • Encourage others to use less salt
  • Reduce salt use
  • Encourage others to reduce salt use
  • Reduce salt use
  • Encourage others to reduce salt use.
  • Continue to reduce salt use.
MPCA
  • Create and share the CMP for the TCMA
  • Create an internal plan to assist stakeholders
  • Continue monitoring chloride
  • Help various groups better understand the salt problem
  • Educate and promote lower salt solutions
  • Support TCMA CMP
  • Follow internal chloride reduction plan
  • Support TCMA CMP
  • Follow internal chloride reduction plan
  • Determine if TCMA CMP was effective
  • Adjust as needed
  • Re-evaluate chloride reduction efforts
Policy Makers (city, county, state, other)
  • Understand why we use salt
  • Understand what the options are for lower salt use
  • Improve policy
  • Improve policy
  • Improve policy


This page was last edited on 18 May 2017, at 20:07.

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