Morphological characteristics for several trees that can be used in tree trenches/tree boxes. NOTE: this list is not exhaustive and could include dozens of additional species.
Link to this table

Scientific name1,2,3,4 Common name 1,2,3,4 Height at maturity (ft)3 Canopy diameter at maturity (ft) Relative tree size 5 Relative growth rate to maturity (S=Slow, M=moderate, R=rapid)
Acer x freemanii 2 Freeman maple 60 40 Large R
Acer rubrum 2 Red maple 68 35 Large R
Acer saccharinum 1,2 Silver maple 90 40 Large R
Acer saccharum 1,2 Sugar maple 50 35 Large S
Alnus glutinosa 2 European alder 45 15 Medium R
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa 1,2 Speckled alder 25 10 Small R
Amelanchier spp. 2 Juneberry/serviceberry 20 15 Small M
Betula nigra 'Cully' & ' BNMFT' 1,2 Heritage and Dura-Heat river birch 50 30 Large R
Betula populifolia 2 Gray birch 25 30 Small R
Carpinus betulus 2 European hornbeam 30 30 Medium S
Carpinus caroliniana 2 American hornbeam 30 20 Medium S
Carya ovata 2 Shagbark hickory 75 25 Large S
Catalpa speciosa 2 Narthern catalpa 60 25 Large R
Celtis occidentalis 2 Common hackberry 60 60 Large R
Cercis canadensis 2 Eastern redbud 30 25 Small S
Cladrastis kentukea 2 Yellowood, Kentucky yellowood 40 20 Large M
Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis 2 Thornless cockspur hawthorn 30 25 Small M
Crataegus phaenopyrum 2 Washington hawthorn 30 25 Small M
Fraxinus americana 2 White ash 90 40 Large M
Fraxinus Manchurian manchrian ash 65 35 Medium-large M
Fraxinus nigra 1 Black ash 65 20 Medium-large S
Fraxinus pennsylvanica 1,2 Green ash 80 30 Large R
Gingko biloba 2 Gingko – male only 80 30 Large S
Gleditsia tricanthos var. inermis 2 Thornless common honeylocust 70 40 Medium R
Gymnocladus dioicus 2 Kentucky coffeetree 100 30 Large S
Larix decidua 3 European larch 99 30 Large M
Larix laricina 1 Tamarack 80 20 Large R
Maackia amurensis 2 Amur maackia 30 15 Small
Malus spp. 2 Crabapple spp. 30 20 Small M
Ostrya virginiana 2 American hophornbeam, ironwood 45 20 Medium S
Phellodendron amurense 2 Amur corktree 45 25 Medium
Populus grandidentata Michx. 2 Bigtooth aspen 65 10 Large R
Populus deltoides 1,2 Eastern cottonwood 100 50 Large R
Populus tremuloides 1,1 Quaking aspen 65 20 Large R
Prunus sargentii 2 Sargent cherry 40 25 Medium R
Prunus virginiana 2 Chokecherry 30 18 Small-medium R
Pyrus fauriei 'Westwood' 2 Korean SunTM pear 12 15 Small M
Pyrus ussuriensis 2 Ussurian pear, Chinese pear 25 15 Small S
Quercus bicolor 2 Swamp white oak 100 60 Large R
Quercus macropcarpa 2 Bur oak 90 60 Large S
Quercus rubra 2 Red oak 81 40 Large M
Robinia pseudoacacia 2 Black locust, false acacia, robinia 60 20 Large R
Salix nigra 1 Black willow 100 35 Large R
Salix babylonica Weeping or Babylon willow 70 70 Medium R
Sorbus americana 3 American mountainash 40 15 Medium M
Sorbus alnifolia 2 Korean mountainash 50 30 Medium M
Sorbus x hybrida, Sorbus x thuringiaca 2 Oak-leaf mountainash 35 26 medium
Syringa reticulata 2 Japanese tree lilac 30 25 Medium M
Taxodium distichum 2 Common baldcypress 70 40 Large M
Tilia americana 2 Basswood 100 35 Large M
Tilia cordata 2 Littleleaf linden 100 35 Large M
Tilia x euchlora 2 Crimean linden, Caucasian lime 60 20 Large M
Ulmus x species 2 Elm hybrids 70 40 Large R

1 Shaw, D. and R. Schmidt. 2003. Plants for Stormwater Design: Species Selection for the Upper Midwest. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
2 Bassuk, N. et al. 2009. Recommended Urban Trees: Site Assessment and Tree Selection for Stress Tolerance. Urban Horticulture Institute, Dept of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
3 USDA NRCS Plants Database. www.usda.plants.gov
4 Dirr, M.. 1998. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 5th Ed.. Timber Press, Inc. Portland, OR. 5Small = 15 to 30 feet, Medium = 30 to 50 feet, Large > 50 feet

This page was last modified on 19 February 2016, at 10:35.

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency | 651-296-6300, 800-657-3864 | Assistance | Web site policy