Median pollutant removal of copper and zinc by stormwater treatment practices. Values represent percentage of incoming pollutant load that is removed. Source: Minnesota Stormwater Manual. Manual data was based on information from ASCE/EPA International Database; Winer (2000)
BMP group Copper> Zinc
Bioretentiona 95 95
Filtrationb 45 85
Infiltrationc 100 100
Stormwater ponds 55 65
Stormwater wetlands 40 40

aData based on fewer than five monitoring studies
bExcludes vertical sand filters and filter strips
cNote that 100% is assumed for all infiltration, but only for that portion of the flow fully treated in the infiltration facility; by-passed runoff does not receive any treatment.

This page was last edited on 1 August 2022, at 19:49.