There are thousands of miles of streets and highways in Minnesota, along with parking lots and sidewalks that must be maintained to provide safe conditions throughout the winter. Winter maintenance of these surfaces currently relies heavily on the use of salt, primarily NaCl, to prevent ice build-up and remove ice where it has formed.
In response to the increase in chloride concentrations from winter maintenance activities in area lakes, streams, wetlands, and groundwater, Minnesota state agencies, local municipalities, and experts across the TCMA have partnered to create a CMP to effectively manage salt use to protect our water resources in a responsible and strategic approach.
As part of the TCMA CMP development, the first of its kind, WMAt has been developed as a resource of all known salt saving BMPs. The WMAt is a web‐based tool that can be used to assist public and private winter maintenance organizations in determining where opportunities exist to improve practices, make reductions in salt use and track progress.
The WMAt contains a list of roughly 180 BMPs that allows agencies and companies to complete an assessment of their current winter maintenance practices and speculate on potential future practices to understand how to reduce the use of chlorides, while still providing an acceptable level of service. Utilization of this planning tool will allow the user to track their progress over time and show the results of their efforts. It also can predict salt savings and associated cost savings (with a low degree of accuracy at this point) based on the industry’s current salt savings research.
Finally, once an assessment has been completed, a report can be generated summarizing current practices as “remedial”, “best” and “advanced” identifying areas for future improvement. The report is an excellent and convenient tool for winter maintenance managers to use to communicate winter maintenance operations to residents, clients or elected officials.
For those users who prefer not to do an online assessment, Appendix B offers a snapshot of the Best Practices contained in the tool at the given time (when this management plan was finalized). This appendix will soon be out-of-sync with the WMAt tool as the WMAt tool will be refined during testing and implementation to reflect the current and best practices in the industry. It is not our intent to keep Appendix B up-to-date with the WMAt. For the latest recommendations, please use the online tool.
Questions are generally grouped to address practices in the following six categories:
The WMAt assessment questions and general scoring of responses, from “remedial” or “unacceptable” to “advanced” or “best” are included in the following pages.